Individual and regional factors of access to the renal transplant waiting list in france in a cohort of dialyzed patients

Am J Transplant. 2015 Apr;15(4):1050-60. doi: 10.1111/ajt.13095. Epub 2015 Mar 10.


Several studies have investigated geographical variations in access to renal transplant waiting lists, but none has assessed the impact on these variations of factors at both the patient and geographic levels. The objective of our study was to identify medical and non-medical factors at both these levels associated with these geographical variations in waiting-list placement in France. We included all incident patients aged 18-80 years in 11 French regions who started dialysis between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2008. Both a multilevel Cox model with shared frailty and a competing risks model were used for the analyses. At the patient level, old age, comorbidities, diabetic nephropathy, non-autonomous first dialysis, and female gender were the major determinants of a lower probability of being waitlisted. At the regional level, the only factor associated with this probability was an increase in the number of patients on the waiting list from 2005 to 2009. This finding supports a slight but significant impact of a regional organ shortage on waitlisting practices. Our findings demonstrate that patients' age has a major impact on waitlisting practices, even for patients with no comorbidity or disability, whose survival would likely be improved by transplantation compared with dialysis.

Keywords: clinical research/practice; kidney disease; kidney transplantation/nephrology; waitlist management.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • France
  • Health Services Accessibility*
  • Humans
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / therapy*
  • Kidney Transplantation*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Renal Dialysis*
  • Waiting Lists*