De Novo Assembly and Annotation of the Asian Tiger Mosquito (Aedes Albopictus) Repeatome With dnaPipeTE From Raw Genomic Reads and Comparative Analysis With the Yellow Fever Mosquito (Aedes Aegypti)

Genome Biol Evol. 2015 Mar 11;7(4):1192-205. doi: 10.1093/gbe/evv050.

Abstract

Repetitive DNA, including transposable elements (TEs), is found throughout eukaryotic genomes. Annotating and assembling the "repeatome" during genome-wide analysis often poses a challenge. To address this problem, we present dnaPipeTE-a new bioinformatics pipeline that uses a sample of raw genomic reads. It produces precise estimates of repeated DNA content and TE consensus sequences, as well as the relative ages of TE families. We shows that dnaPipeTE performs well using very low coverage sequencing in different genomes, losing accuracy only with old TE families. We applied this pipeline to the genome of the Asian tiger mosquito Aedes albopictus, an invasive species of human health interest, for which the genome size is estimated to be over 1 Gbp. Using dnaPipeTE, we showed that this species harbors a large (50% of the genome) and potentially active repeatome with an overall TE class and order composition similar to that of Aedes aegypti, the yellow fever mosquito. However, intraorder dynamics show clear distinctions between the two species, with differences at the TE family level. Our pipeline's ability to manage the repeatome annotation problem will make it helpful for new or ongoing assembly projects, and our results will benefit future genomic studies of A. albopictus.

Keywords: Aedes albopictus; TE analysis; Trinity; bioinformatic pipeline; repeated DNA; transposable elements.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aedes / genetics*
  • Animals
  • DNA / chemistry
  • DNA Transposable Elements*
  • Genome, Insect*
  • Genomics / methods*
  • Molecular Sequence Annotation / methods*
  • Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid
  • Software

Substances

  • DNA Transposable Elements
  • DNA