Reproductive isolation of hybrid populations driven by genetic incompatibilities

PLoS Genet. 2015 Mar 13;11(3):e1005041. doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1005041. eCollection 2015 Mar.

Abstract

Despite its role in homogenizing populations, hybridization has also been proposed as a means to generate new species. The conceptual basis for this idea is that hybridization can result in novel phenotypes through recombination between the parental genomes, allowing a hybrid population to occupy ecological niches unavailable to parental species. Here we present an alternative model of the evolution of reproductive isolation in hybrid populations that occurs as a simple consequence of selection against genetic incompatibilities. Unlike previous models of hybrid speciation, our model does not incorporate inbreeding, or assume that hybrids have an ecological or reproductive fitness advantage relative to parental populations. We show that reproductive isolation between hybrids and parental species can evolve frequently and rapidly under this model, even in the presence of substantial ongoing immigration from parental species and strong selection against hybrids. An interesting prediction of our model is that replicate hybrid populations formed from the same pair of parental species can evolve reproductive isolation from each other. This non-adaptive process can therefore generate patterns of species diversity and relatedness that resemble an adaptive radiation. Intriguingly, several known hybrid species exhibit patterns of reproductive isolation consistent with the predictions of our model.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Gene Flow
  • Genetic Drift
  • Genetic Speciation*
  • Genetic Variation
  • Genetics, Population
  • Hybridization, Genetic*
  • Models, Genetic
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Reproductive Isolation*
  • Selection, Genetic*

Grant support

This work was supported by NSF GRFP (DGE0646086) and NSF DDIG (DEB-1405232) to MS and an NSF IOS-0923825 to GGR. website url: nsf.gov. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.