Dealing With Public Solicitation of Organs From Living Donors--An ELPAT View

Transplantation. 2015 Oct;99(10):2210-4. doi: 10.1097/TP.0000000000000669.


Although transplant professionals have initially been reluctant to perform transplants after public solicitation of organs from living donors, nowadays these transplants are increasingly being performed and reported. After clarifying the existing terminology, we elaborate an operational definition of public solicitation that is consistent with the Ethical, Legal, and Psychosocial Aspects of Transplantation classification for living organ donation. Our aim is to critically assess this phenomenon, from a legal, moral, and practical perspective, and to offer some recommendations. From a legal point of view, we analyze the current situation in the Europe and the United States. From a moral perspective, we evaluate the various arguments used in the literature, both in favor and against. Finally, we offer a set of recommendations aimed at maximizing the organ donor pool while safeguarding the interests of potential living donors.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Ethics, Medical
  • Europe
  • Humans
  • Living Donors*
  • Organ Transplantation / ethics*
  • Organ Transplantation / methods*
  • Organ Transplantation / psychology*
  • Risk
  • Tissue and Organ Procurement / ethics*
  • Tissue and Organ Procurement / methods*
  • United States