Twelve tips for maximizing the effectiveness of game-based learning

Med Teach. 2015;37(11):1013-7. doi: 10.3109/0142159X.2015.1020289. Epub 2015 Mar 17.


Game-based learning (GBL) in medical education is emerging as a valid alternative to traditional teaching methods. Well-designed GBL sessions use non-threatening competition to capitalize on heightened learner arousal, allowing for high-level engagement and dynamic group discussion. While many templates for specific educational games have been published, little has been written on strategies for educators to create their own or how to use them with maximal effectiveness. These 12 tips provide specific recommendations for the successful design and implementation of GBL sessions in medical education based on a review of the literature and insight from experienced designers.

MeSH terms

  • Education, Medical, Undergraduate*
  • Games, Recreational*
  • Humans
  • Learning*
  • Students, Medical / psychology*
  • Teaching / methods*