Background: SLC30A10 mutations cause an autosomal recessive disorder, characterized by hypermanganesaemia, polycythemia, early-onset dystonia, paraparesis, or late-onset parkinsonism, and chronic liver disease. This is the first identified inborn error of Mn metabolism in humans, reported in 10 families thus far.
Methods: Methods for this study consisted of clinical examination, neuroimaging studies (MRI), serum dosages, and SLC30A10 genetic analysis.
Results: We describe early disease manifestations (including videos) in 5 previously unreported Indian children, carrying novel homozygous SLC30A10 mutations. Gait and speech disturbances, falls, dystonias, and central hypotonia were the presenting neurological features, starting within the first 5 years of life. All children also had severe hypermanganesemia, polycythemia, variable degree of liver disease, and marked brain MRI T1 hyperintensities.
Conclusions: Our findings expand the mutational and clinical spectra of this recently recognized disorder. An early diagnosis is warranted, because treatment with manganese-chelating agents, iron supplementation, or their combination might improve symptoms and prevent progression of this otherwise potentially fatal disease. © 2015 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.
Keywords: SLC30A10; dystonia; genetics; manganese; metabolic inherited disease.
© 2015 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.