Elejalde syndrome (ES)

Dermatol Online J. 2015 Feb 22;21(3):13030/qt96833983.


Silvery hair and severe dysfunction of the central nervous system (Neuroectodermal melanolysosomal disease or Elejalde Syndrome) characterize this rare autosomal recessive syndrome. The main clinical features include silver-leaden hair, bronze skin after sun exposure, and neurologic involvement. Large granules of melanin unevenly distributed in the hair shaft are observed. Abnormal melanocytes and melanosomes and abnormal inclusion bodies in fibroblasts may be present. We report a 10-year-old girl with silver-leaden (silvery) hair, bronze skin color on sun-exposed areas, generalized hypopigmentation of covered body parts, and congenital seizures. The child was the elder of two children born of a consanguineous marriage. The younger sibling, a female neonate, had the same clinical presentation.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Consanguinity
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Eyebrows / pathology
  • Eyelashes / pathology
  • Female
  • Hair / pathology*
  • Humans
  • Neurocutaneous Syndromes / genetics
  • Neurocutaneous Syndromes / pathology*
  • Pigmentation Disorders / genetics
  • Pigmentation Disorders / pathology*
  • Seizures / congenital
  • Siblings
  • Skin / pathology*

Supplementary concepts

  • Elejalde Disease