Two New Stygobiotic Species of Elaphoidella (Crustacea: Copepoda: Harpacticoida) With Comments on Geographical Distribution and Ecology of Harpacticoids From Caves in Thailand

Zootaxa. 2015 Feb 16;3919(1):81-99. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3919.1.4.

Abstract

Elaphoidella thailandensis sp. nov. and E. jaesornensis sp. nov., collected during an investigation of cave-dwelling copepod fauna in the northern part of Thailand, are described and figured herein. The new species were collected from pools filled by percolating water from the unsaturated zone of a karstic aquifer in Phitsanulok and Lampang Provinces, respectively. Elaphoidella thailandensis, from Tham Khun cave, is distinguished from its congeners by the two-segmented endopod of pediger 1, the absence of endopod on pediger 4, and the setal formula 4, 5, 6 for the distal exopodal segment of pedigers 2-4. Elaphoidella jaesornensis, from Tham Phar Ngam cave, is distinguished from its most closely related species, E. namnaoensis Brancelj, Watiroyram & Sanoamuang, 2010, by the armature formula of the endopod of pedigers 2-5. The geographical distribution and ecology of Harpacticoida from Thai caves is also presented.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Caves
  • Copepoda / anatomy & histology
  • Copepoda / classification*
  • Ecosystem
  • Female
  • Male
  • Thailand