Structural and Functional Studies on the Marburg Virus GP2 Fusion Loop

J Infect Dis. 2015 Oct 1;212 Suppl 2(Suppl 2):S146-53. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiv030. Epub 2015 Mar 18.


Marburg virus (MARV) and the ebolaviruses belong to the family Filoviridae (the members of which are filoviruses) that cause severe hemorrhagic fever. Infection requires fusion of the host and viral membranes, a process that occurs in the host cell endosomal compartment and is facilitated by the envelope glycoprotein fusion subunit, GP2. The N-terminal fusion loop (FL) of GP2 is a hydrophobic disulfide-bonded loop that is postulated to insert and disrupt the host endosomal membrane during fusion. Here, we describe the first structural and functional studies of a protein corresponding to the MARV GP2 FL. We found that this protein undergoes a pH-dependent conformational change, as monitored by circular dichroism and nuclear magnetic resonance. Furthermore, we report that, under low pH conditions, the MARV GP2 FL can induce content leakage from liposomes. The general aspects of this pH-dependent structure and lipid-perturbing behavior are consistent with previous reports on Ebola virus GP2 FL. However, nuclear magnetic resonance studies in lipid bicelles and mutational analysis indicate differences in structure exist between MARV and Ebola virus GP2 FL. These results provide new insight into the mechanism of MARV GP2-mediated cell entry.

Keywords: Marburg virus; envelope glycoprotein; viral entry; viral membrane fusion.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Escherichia coli / virology
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Lipids / chemistry
  • Liposomes / metabolism
  • Marburg Virus Disease / virology
  • Marburgvirus / chemistry*
  • Marburgvirus / metabolism*
  • Protein Conformation
  • Viral Envelope Proteins / chemistry*
  • Viral Envelope Proteins / metabolism*
  • Virus Internalization


  • Lipids
  • Liposomes
  • Viral Envelope Proteins
  • envelope glycoprotein, Ebola virus