Near-infrared light increases ATP, extends lifespan and improves mobility in aged Drosophila melanogaster

Biol Lett. 2015 Mar;11(3):20150073. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2015.0073.

Abstract

Ageing is an irreversible cellular decline partly driven by failing mitochondrial integrity. Mitochondria accumulate DNA mutations and reduce ATP production necessary for cellular metabolism. This is associated with inflammation. Near-infrared exposure increases retinal ATP in old mice via cytochrome c oxidase absorption and reduces inflammation. Here, we expose fruitflies daily to 670 nm radiation, revealing elevated ATP and reduced inflammation with age. Critically, there was a significant increase in average lifespan: 100-175% more flies survived into old age following 670 nm exposure and these had significantly improved mobility. This may be a simple route to extending lifespan and improving function in old age.

Keywords: ATP; fly; inflammation; lifespan.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Triphosphate / metabolism*
  • Aging / physiology
  • Animals
  • Drosophila melanogaster
  • Inflammation
  • Infrared Rays*
  • Locomotion / radiation effects
  • Longevity / radiation effects*
  • Male
  • Mitochondria / metabolism
  • Mitochondria / radiation effects*

Substances

  • Adenosine Triphosphate