Impact of glucose level on morbidity and mortality in elderly with diabetes and pre-diabetes

World J Diabetes. 2015 Mar 15;6(2):345-51. doi: 10.4239/wjd.v6.i2.345.


The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) increases with age and reaches 25% in those older than age 65 years. Pre-diabetes status is also very common in the elderly, and is present in about half of those age 75 years and older. Many physicians care for elderly patients with diabetes and pre-diabetes, dealing with the challenge of controlling glucose levels and improving health with minimal adverse events. Over the last decade, research on diabetes among the elderly population has proliferated, adding new information on this topic. This review summarizes the updated medical literature on diabetes and pre-diabetes in the elderly, including the significance of pre-diabetic conditions, new-onset DM in the elderly and long-standing DM. The role of therapeutic intervention and the level of glycemic control for this population are discussed in particular.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus; Elderly; Glycemic control; Old age; Pre-diabetes.

Publication types

  • Review