Pterostilbene inhibits triple-negative breast cancer metastasis via inducing microRNA-205 expression and negatively modulates epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition

J Nutr Biochem. 2015 Jun;26(6):675-85. doi: 10.1016/j.jnutbio.2015.01.005. Epub 2015 Mar 6.


Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths among females in economically developing countries. Greater than 95% of breast malignancies are of epithelial origin; the induction of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been shown to initiate the metastatic process in breast carcinoma and remains the key target for drug development. Here, we examine the anti-metastatic potential of pterostilbene in modulating EMT process in breast cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo. The differential invasive ability among MCF7, Hs578t and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell lines were closely correlated with the expression of EMT markers, determined by Western blots and Matrigel-coated transwells assay. Pterostilbene inhibited the migratory and invasive potential of triple-negative MDA-MB-231 and Hs578t cells, accompanied by the up-regulation of E-cadherin and down-regulation of Snail, Slug, vimentin and ZEB1. Mechanistic investigations revealed a significant up-regulation of miR-205, which resulted in the reduction of Src expression in pterostilbene-treated breast cancer cells. Importantly, pterostilbene suppressed tumor growth and metastasis in MDA-MB-231-bearing NOD/SCID mice by reducing Src/Fak signaling; this observation was consistent with the negative correlations between miR-205 and Src expression in both normal and malignant breast tissues. Our findings provide supports for the usage of pterostilbene as an inhibitor of EMT process and potential candidate for adjuvant therapy.

Keywords: Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT); Metastasis; Pterostilbene; Triple-negative breast cancer; miR-205.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cadherins / genetics
  • Cadherins / metabolism
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Down-Regulation
  • Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition / drug effects*
  • Female
  • Focal Adhesion Kinase 1 / genetics
  • Focal Adhesion Kinase 1 / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
  • Homeodomain Proteins / genetics
  • Homeodomain Proteins / metabolism
  • Humans
  • MCF-7 Cells
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred NOD
  • Mice, SCID
  • MicroRNAs / genetics
  • MicroRNAs / metabolism*
  • Neoplasm Metastasis / prevention & control*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt / genetics
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt / metabolism
  • RNA, Small Interfering / genetics
  • RNA, Small Interfering / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction
  • Stilbenes / pharmacology*
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism
  • Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Up-Regulation
  • Vimentin / genetics
  • Vimentin / metabolism
  • Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
  • Zinc Finger E-box-Binding Homeobox 1
  • src-Family Kinases / genetics
  • src-Family Kinases / metabolism


  • Cadherins
  • Homeodomain Proteins
  • MIRN205 microRNA, human
  • MicroRNAs
  • RNA, Small Interfering
  • Stilbenes
  • Transcription Factors
  • Vimentin
  • ZEB1 protein, human
  • Zinc Finger E-box-Binding Homeobox 1
  • pterostilbene
  • Focal Adhesion Kinase 1
  • PTK2 protein, human
  • src-Family Kinases
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt