Study objective: The objective was to evaluate the perioperative outcomes, safety, and patient acceptance of single-port access laparoscopic subtotal hysterectomy (SPAL-SH) in comparison with conventional multiport access laparoscopic subtotal hysterectomy (MPAL-SH).
Design: Case-control study. Canadian Task Force Classification II-2.
Setting: The study was conducted at university hospitals in Cagliari, Italy, and Rouen, France.
Patients: Sixty-one women with metrorrhagia, abnormal uterine bleeding with uterine myomas, or symptomatic adenomyosis were included in the study.
Interventions: Thirty-one patients underwent SPAL-SH, and 30 patients underwent conventional MPAL-SH.
Measurements and main results: We analyzed the data to compare the outcomes of SPAL-SH versus MPAL-SH. Patients in the SPAL-SH group had longer operative times than those in the MPAL-SH group (p < .001) but shorter hospital stays (p < .001). Postoperative pain immediately after surgery, after 6 hours, and after 24 hours were lower in the SPAL-SH group (p < .001). The SPAL-SH group reported significantly higher cosmetic satisfaction at 1, 4, and 24 weeks after surgery (p < .01).
Conclusion: We conclude that SPAL-SH is a feasible and safe alternative to standard MPAL-SH in selected patients. Ongoing refinement of the surgical technique and instrumentation is likely to expand its role in gynecologic surgery in the future. In addition, SPAL-SH has a definite benefit in relation to body image and cosmesis.
Keywords: Laparoscopic subtotal hysterectomy; SPAL; Single-port access laparoscopy.
Copyright © 2015 AAGL. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.