Socio-demographic Characteristics of Individuals with History of Crack Cocaine Use in the US General Population

Community Ment Health J. 2016 Nov;52(8):1043-1046. doi: 10.1007/s10597-015-9860-x. Epub 2015 Mar 22.


This study explores socio-demographic characteristics of individuals with history of crack cocaine use. Data from the 29th Round of General Social Survey was used. Respondents with history of crack cocaine use were compared to respondents without such history. T test was applied to identify differences between groups. Approximately 6 % of respondents reported lifetime history of crack cocaine use. Groups with and without history of crack cocaine use differed significantly in gender, marital status, education, income distribution, employment, health perception, family and financial satisfaction, criminal history, happiness, sexual history, history of injection drug use, and HIV testing. There were no significant differences for race. The study provides insights that could improve identification and prevention of substance use disorders.

Keywords: Cocaine; Crack; General Social Survey; General population; Socio-demographic; USA.

MeSH terms

  • Cocaine-Related Disorders
  • Crack Cocaine / administration & dosage*
  • Demography*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • United States


  • Crack Cocaine