Cytoskeletal alterations associated with donor age and culture interval for equine oocytes and potential zygotes that failed to cleave after intracytoplasmic sperm injection

Reprod Fertil Dev. 2015 Jul;27(6):944-56. doi: 10.1071/RD14468.


Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is an established method to fertilise equine oocytes, but not all oocytes cleave after ICSI. The aims of the present study were to examine cytoskeleton patterns in oocytes after aging in vitro for 0, 24 or 48h (Experiment 1) and in potential zygotes that failed to cleave after ICSI of oocytes from donors of different ages (Experiment 2). Cytoplasmic multiasters were observed after oocyte aging for 48h (P<0.01). A similar increase in multiasters was observed with an increased interval after ICSI for young mares (9-13 years) but not old (20-25 years) mares. Actin vesicles were observed more frequently in sperm-injected oocytes from old than young mares. In the present study, multiasters appeared to be associated with cell aging, whereas actin vesicles were associated with aging of the oocyte donor.

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Animals
  • Cytoskeleton / metabolism*
  • Female
  • Fertilization in Vitro / veterinary
  • Horses
  • Male
  • Oocytes / metabolism*
  • Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic / methods
  • Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic / veterinary*
  • Spermatozoa / metabolism*
  • Zygote / metabolism*