Background: The aim of this study is to determine the efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) with gemcitabine (GEM) in combination with fluorescence-guided surgery (FGS) on a pancreatic cancer patient derived orthotopic xenograft (PDOX) model.
Methods: A PDOX model was established from a CEA-positive tumor from a patient who had undergone a pancreaticoduodenectomy for pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Mice were randomized to 4 groups: bright light surgery (BLS) only; BLS + NAC; FGS only; and FGS + NAC. An anti-CEA antibody conjugated to DyLight 650 was administered intravenously via the tail vein of mice with a pancreatic cancer PDOX 24 h before surgery.
Results: The PDOX was clearly labeled with fluorophore-conjugated anti-CEA antibody. Only one out of 8 mice had local recurrence in the FGS only group and zero out of 8 mice had local recurrence in the FGS + NAC which was significantly lower than BLS only or BLS + NAC mice, where local disease recurred in 6 out of 8 mice in each treatment group (p = 0.041 and p = 0.007, respectively). NAC did not significantly reduce recurrence rates when combined with either FGS or BLS.
Conclusion: These results indicate that FGS can significantly reduce local recurrence compared to BLS in pancreatic cancer resistant to NAC.
Keywords: CEA; Fluorescence-guided surgery; Neoadjuvant chemotherapy; PDOX; Pancreatic cancer; Patient derived orthotopic xenograft.
Copyright © 2015 IAP and EPC. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.