Background: In acute ischemic stroke (AIS), bridging therapy, including intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) and mechanical thrombectomy (MET), appears to be very promising. However, data on the impact of IVT before the endovascular procedure are limited.
Methods: To examine the impact of IVT on the MET procedure, we compared the duration of this procedure, number of passes, recanalization rate, safety issues, and outcome in consecutively recruited patients either eligible for MET alone (intravenous fibrinolysis contraindication) or receiving MET preceded by IVT for proximal middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion within 6 hours of stroke onset.
Results: From January 2011 to June 2013, 68 cases with proximal MCA occlusion were available for analysis (MET alone, 40; IVT + MET, 28). The 2 groups did not differ significantly in baseline characteristics. The median National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score at admission was 15 (10-20) for MET and 18 (13-19) for IVT + MET groups, respectively (P = .39). The median duration of the endovascular procedure (from groin puncture to recanalization) was significantly shorter in the IVT + MET group compared with that in MET alone (35 minutes [21-60] versus 60 minutes [25-91]; P = .043). The number of passes of the thrombectomy device per patient tended to be lower in the IVT + MET group than those in the MET group (P = .080). The IVT + MET group also had a higher rate of complete recanalization and a better outcome at 3 months.
Conclusions: Prior IVT may facilitate the MET procedure. Further studies on MET in AIS should assess the direct impact of IVT on the endovascular procedure.
Keywords: Mechanical endovascular therapy; acute ischemic stroke - recanalization; intravenous thrombolysis by rtPA.
Copyright © 2015 National Stroke Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.