PMPCA mutations cause abnormal mitochondrial protein processing in patients with non-progressive cerebellar ataxia

Brain. 2015 Jun;138(Pt 6):1505-17. doi: 10.1093/brain/awv057. Epub 2015 Mar 25.

Abstract

Non-progressive cerebellar ataxias are a rare group of disorders that comprise approximately 10% of static infantile encephalopathies. We report the identification of mutations in PMPCA in 17 patients from four families affected with cerebellar ataxia, including the large Lebanese family previously described with autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxia and short stature of Norman type and localized to chromosome 9q34 (OMIM #213200). All patients present with non-progressive cerebellar ataxia, and the majority have intellectual disability of variable severity. PMPCA encodes α-MPP, the alpha subunit of mitochondrial processing peptidase, the primary enzyme responsible for the maturation of the vast majority of nuclear-encoded mitochondrial proteins, which is necessary for life at the cellular level. Analysis of lymphoblastoid cells and fibroblasts from patients homozygous for the PMPCA p.Ala377Thr mutation and carriers demonstrate that the mutation impacts both the level of the alpha subunit encoded by PMPCA and the function of mitochondrial processing peptidase. In particular, this mutation impacts the maturation process of frataxin, the protein which is depleted in Friedreich ataxia. This study represents the first time that defects in PMPCA and mitochondrial processing peptidase have been described in association with a disease phenotype in humans.

Keywords: PMPCA; ataxia; cerebellar atrophy; mitochondrial processing peptidase; mitochondrial protein processing; non-progressive.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Lebanon
  • Lymphocytes / metabolism
  • Male
  • Metalloendopeptidases / genetics*
  • Metalloendopeptidases / metabolism
  • Mitochondrial Proteins / metabolism*
  • Mutation / genetics*
  • Pedigree
  • Protein Subunits / genetics*
  • Protein Subunits / metabolism
  • Spinocerebellar Degenerations / genetics*
  • Spinocerebellar Degenerations / metabolism*
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Mitochondrial Proteins
  • Protein Subunits
  • Metalloendopeptidases
  • mitochondrial processing peptidase

Supplementary concepts

  • Spinocerebellar Ataxia, Autosomal Recessive 2