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. 2015;6(4):497-504.
doi: 10.3920/BM2014.0134. Epub 2015 Apr 22.

Effect of Bifidobacterium Breve B-3 on Skin Photoaging Induced by Chronic UV Irradiation in Mice

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Effect of Bifidobacterium Breve B-3 on Skin Photoaging Induced by Chronic UV Irradiation in Mice

T Satoh et al. Benef Microbes. .

Abstract

Probiotics have been shown to have a preventative effect on skin photoaging induced by short term UV irradiation, however, the underlying mechanisms and the effect of probiotics on skin photoaging induced by chronic UV irradiation remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the effect of Bifidobacterium breve B-3 on skin photoaging induced by chronic UV irradiation in hairless mice. Mice were irradiated with UVB three times weekly and orally administered B. breve B-3 (2×10(9) cfu/mouse /day) for 7 weeks. Nonirradiated mice and UVB-irradiated mice without probiotic treatment were used as controls. B. breve B-3 significantly suppressed the changes of transepidermal water loss, skin hydration, epidermal thickening and attenuated the damage to the tight junction structure and basement membrane induced by chronic UVB irradiation. Administration of B. breve B-3 tended to suppress the UV-induced interleukin-1β production in skin (P=0.09). These results suggest that B. breve B-3 could potentially be used to prevent photoaging induced by chronic UV irradiation.

Keywords: Bifidobacterium breve; chronic UV irradiation; photoaging; skin barrier.

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