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Multicenter Study
. 2015 Apr;22(2):163-70.
doi: 10.1177/1526602815574685.

Midterm Outcome of EndoAnchors for the Prevention of Endoleak and Stent-Graft Migration in Patients With Challenging Proximal Aortic Neck Anatomy

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Multicenter Study

Midterm Outcome of EndoAnchors for the Prevention of Endoleak and Stent-Graft Migration in Patients With Challenging Proximal Aortic Neck Anatomy

William D Jordan Jr et al. J Endovasc Ther. .

Abstract

Purpose: To explore the use of EndoAnchors as an adjunct to endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair for prevention of proximal neck complications in patients with challenging neck anatomy.

Methods: Over a 28-month period, 208 patients (159 men; mean age 72±8 years) were enrolled in the ANCHOR prospective, multicenter registry (ClinicalTrials.gov; identifier NCT01534819) for prophylaxis against proximal neck complications. Patients were eligible when, in the opinion of the investigators, they were at increased risk for type Ia endoleak or migration owing to a hostile neck (length <10 mm, diameter >28 mm, angulation >60°, mural thrombus or calcium >2 mm in thickness or >180° in circumference, or conical shape). Overall, 123/157 (78.3%) patients met the criteria for a hostile neck according to core laboratory assessment of 157 adequate preoperative computed tomographic (CT) images.

Results: Implantation of EndoAnchors was technically successful in 204/208 (98.1%) patients. The frequency of fracture was 0.3% (3/1118); there were no clinical sequelae associated with the fractures. Over the mean 14-month follow-up, 95.2% of patients were alive, and no deaths were attributable to EndoAnchors. There were no ruptures, migrations, or open surgical conversions. Aneurysm-related reinterventions were performed in 8 (3.8%) patients. Among 130 patients with postprocedure contrast CT studies, core laboratory analysis identified 2 (1.5%) patients with type Ia endoleaks. Aneurysm sac diameter decreased >5 mm in 42.9% of patients with CT scans at or beyond 1 year; 1.6% of patients developed sac enlargement >5 mm.

Conclusion: Prophylactic EndoAnchor use for challenging aortic neck anatomy was associated with satisfactory midterm results.

Keywords: EndoAnchor; abdominal aortic aneurysm; angulated neck; angulation; aortic neck; calcification; conical neck; endovascular aneurysm repair; hostile neck; migration; morphology; mural thrombus; short neck; stent-graft; type I endoleak.

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