Objectives/hypothesis: To examine modulation of M-cadherin, a marker for satellite cells (SCs); and MyoD, which may indicate the myogenic activity following recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) denervation and immediate reinnervation; and to elucidate the correlation between their modulations and establishment of neuromuscular junctions (NMJs) in the reinnervated rat thyroarytenoid (TA) muscle.
Study design: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction qPCR and histologic assessment of the TA muscle following RLN transection and anastomosis.
Methods: Rats were divided into three groups: 1) denervation alone (DNV) (n = 60), 2) denervation with anastomosis (ANS) (n = 60), and 3) sham-operated controls (n = 12). Animals were sacrificed at 3 days and 1, 3, and 5 weeks after treatment. TA muscles harvested from 40 animals from each DNV and ANS group; all of sham group were subjected to qPCR for assessment of the modulation of M-cadherin and MyoD; and the remaining larynges of DNV and ANS group were used for histologic analysis.
Results: The expression levels of messenger RNAs (mRNAs) encoding M-cadherin and MyoD in the TA muscle of the DNV group were significantly higher (P < 0.05) than in the control throughout the study period. These mRNA levels in the ANS group were significantly higher (P < 0.05) at ≤ 1 week than in the controls but fell to control levels at ≥ 3 weeks. In the ANS group, recovery of muscle area and NMJs structure occurred by 3 weeks.
Conclusion: These data suggested that NMJ formation following reinnervation might prompt recovery of M-cadherin and MyoD mRNA expression to the quiescent level of SCs.
Keywords: MyoD; Satellite cells; recurrent laryngeal nerve; reinnervation; thyroarytenoid muscle.
© 2015 The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc.