Spanish validation of the Person-centered Care Assessment Tool (P-CAT)

Aging Ment Health. 2016;20(5):550-8. doi: 10.1080/13607863.2015.1023768. Epub 2015 Mar 26.


Objectives: Person-centered Care (PCC) is an innovative approach which seeks to improve the quality of care services given to the care-dependent elderly. At present there are no Spanish language instruments for the evaluation of PCC delivered by elderly care services. The aim of this work is the adaptation and validation of the Person-centered Care Assessment Tool (P-CAT) for a Spanish population.

Method: The P-CAT was translated and adapted into Spanish, then given to a sample of 1339 front-line care professionals from 56 residential elderly care homes. The reliability and validity of the P-CAT were analyzed, within the frameworks of Classical Test Theory and Item Response Theory models.

Results: The Spanish P-CAT demonstrated good reliability, with an alpha coefficient of .88 and a test-retest reliability coefficient of .79. The P-CAT information function indicates that the test measures with good precision for the majority of levels of the measured variables (θ values between -2 and +1). The factorial structure of the test is essentially one-dimensional and the item discrimination indices are high, with values between .26 and .61. In terms of predictive validity, the correlations which stand out are between the P-CAT and organizational climate (r = .689), and the burnout factors; personal accomplishment (r = .382), and emotional exhaustion (r = - .510).

Conclusion: The Spanish version of the P-CAT demonstrates good psychometric properties for its use in the evaluation of elderly care homes both professionally and in research.

Keywords: caregiving and interventions; evaluation/effectiveness; institutional care (nursing homes etc.); quality of life/well-being; quantitative methods and statistics.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Alzheimer Disease / nursing*
  • Female
  • Homes for the Aged*
  • Humans
  • Language
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nursing Homes*
  • Patient-Centered Care / statistics & numerical data*
  • Psychometrics / statistics & numerical data*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Spain
  • Surveys and Questionnaires*
  • Translating
  • Young Adult