Aim: These studies were to validate the analytical performance of a gene expression signature that differentiates melanoma and nevi, using RNA expression from 14 signature genes and nine normalization genes that generates a melanoma diagnostic score (MDS).
Materials & methods: Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded melanocytic lesions were evaluated in these studies.
Results: The overall SD of the assay was determined to be 0.69 MDS units. Individual amplicons within the signature had an average amplification efficiency of 92% and a SD less than 0.5 CT. The MDS was reproducible across a 2000-fold dilution range of input RNA. Melanin, an inhibitor of PCR, does not interfere with the signature.
Conclusion: These studies indicate this signature is robust and reproducible and is analytically validated on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded melanocytic lesions.
Keywords: FFPE; analytical validation; diagnosis; gene expression; melanoma; quantitative RT-PCR.