Background and objective: It remains difficult to differentiate between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma in clinical practice, especially in a primary care setting. The purpose of this study was to develop a new scoring system for differentiating between COPD and asthma, and to evaluate its effectiveness.
Methods: First, to identify important variables differentiating COPD from asthma, the data of 197 patients with COPD and 138 patients with asthma were assessed retrospectively. Secondly, a scoring system that was based on these variables was then developed, and its performance was internally validated using a bootstrapping-based method. Thirdly, the scoring system was externally validated using prospectively collected data from patients with COPD (n = 104) or asthma (n = 96).
Results: The final scoring system was composed of the four variables: age of onset of breathlessness (<40 years, 0 points; 40-60 years, 2 points; >60 years, 4 points), continuous breathlessness (no, 0 points; yes, 1 point), diurnal variation of breathlessness (yes, 0 points; no, 1 point) and emphysematous change in chest X-ray (no, 0 points; yes, 1 point). The patients were classified by their total score into three categories: 0-2 points, probable asthma; 3-4 points, difficult-to-differentiate; 5-7 points, probable COPD. The new scoring system performed well in the external validation dataset (area under the curve, 0.86; 95% confidence interval: 0.813-0.911; P < 0.001).
Conclusions: The new scoring system that was developed in this study may be a useful tool for differentiating between COPD and asthma in primary care.
Keywords: asthma; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; differential diagnosis; primary care physician.
© 2015 Asian Pacific Society of Respirology.