Limb Dominance and Its Effects on the Benefits of Intralimb Transfer of Learning: A Visuomotor Aiming Task

J Mot Behav. 2015;47(6):509-21. doi: 10.1080/00222895.2015.1017039. Epub 2015 Mar 31.

Abstract

Research has attempted to address what characteristics benefit from transfer of learning; however, it is still unclear which characteristics are effector dependent or independent. Furthermore, it is not clear if intralimb transfer shows, similarly to interlimb transfer, an asymmetry of benefits between the upper limbs. The purpose of the current study is to examine if effector independence effects emerge, as observed in interlimb transfer studies, when transfer to new effector group within the same limb occurs, and whether the pattern of intralimb transfer benefits differ between the limbs. Our results suggest that a visuomotor task transfers within both limbs, even though the transfer benefits within the limbs seem to differ. This was supported by more transfer occurring in the dominant limb than the nondominant limb. Potential control mechanisms used for intralimb transfer are discussed.

Keywords: bimanual transfer; handedness; ipsilateral transfer; motor control; motor learning; pointing task.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Fingers / physiology
  • Functional Laterality / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Learning / physiology
  • Male
  • Memory / physiology
  • Motor Skills / physiology
  • Psychomotor Performance / physiology*
  • Transfer, Psychology / physiology*
  • Wrist / physiology
  • Young Adult