Circumstances and Outcomes of a Firearm Seizure Law: Marion County, Indiana, 2006-2013

Behav Sci Law. 2015 Jun;33(2-3):308-22. doi: 10.1002/bsl.2175. Epub 2015 Mar 31.


Indiana statute allows police to seize firearms without a warrant if the officer believes a person meets the law's definition of "dangerous." Review of the use of this law in Marion County (Indianapolis), Indiana, showed that prosecutors filed petitions in court to retain weapons seized by police under this law 404 times between 2006 and 2013. Police removed weapons from people due to identification of a risk of suicide (68%) or violence (21%), or the presence of psychosis (16%). The firearm seizures occurred in the context of domestic disputes in 28% of cases and intoxication was noted in 26% of cases. There were significant demographic differences in the circumstances of firearm seizures and the firearms seized. The seized firearms were retained by the court at the initial hearing in 63% of cases; this retention was closely linked to the defendant's failure to appear at the hearing. The court dismissed 29% of cases at the initial hearing, closely linked to the defendant's presence at the hearing. In subsequent hearings of cases not dismissed, the court ordered the destruction of the firearms in 72% of cases, all when the individual did not appear in court, and dismissed 24% of the cases, all when the individual was present at the hearing. Overall, the Indiana law removed weapons from a small number of people, most of whom did not seek return of their weapons. The firearm seizure law thus functioned as a months-long cooling-off period for those who did seek the return of their guns.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Alcoholic Intoxication
  • Dangerous Behavior*
  • Domestic Violence / prevention & control*
  • Female
  • Firearms / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Humans
  • Indiana
  • Law Enforcement / methods*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Police
  • Psychotic Disorders
  • Substance-Related Disorders
  • Suicide Prevention*
  • Violence / prevention & control
  • Young Adult