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Review
. 2015 Apr;52(4):1857-71.
doi: 10.1007/s13197-014-1293-y. Epub 2014 Feb 28.

Flaxseed-a Potential Functional Food Source

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Free PMC article
Review

Flaxseed-a Potential Functional Food Source

Priyanka Kajla et al. J Food Sci Technol. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

There is currently much interest in phytochemicals as bioactive molecules of food. Functional foods are an emerging field in food science due to their increasing popularity among health conscious consumers. Flaxseed is cultivated in many parts of world for fiber, oil as well as for medicinal purposes and also as nutritional product. In this review, nutrients, anti-nutrients, functional properties, processing, metabolism and health benefits of bioactive molecules viz., essential fatty acids, lignans and dietary fiber of flaxseed are discussed.

Keywords: Alpha-linolenic acid; Dietary fiber; Flaxseed; Functional properties; Health benefits; Lignans; Nutritional quality; Processing.

Figures

Fig. 1
Fig. 1
Flowchart for metabolism of essential fatty acids
Fig. 2
Fig. 2
Structure of various lignans present in flaxseed
Fig. 3
Fig. 3
Flowchart depicting the metabolism of flaxseed lignans
Fig. 4
Fig. 4
Processing of flaxseed

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