Uncommon oral cleft in Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome

Braz Dent J. 2015 Mar-Apr;26(2):203-6. doi: 10.1590/0103-6440201302377. Epub 2015 Apr 1.

Abstract

Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) is a syndrome with craniofacial and systemic abnormalities, which is related to 4p deletion. A 3-month old girl with an undiagnosed syndrome was referred for evaluation of the cleft lip and palate. Hypotonia, short stature, cardiac malformation, hypertrophied clitoris, and atypical thumb of both hands was observed. Microcephaly, low-set ear, prominent glabella, downslanting palpebral fissures, a characteristic "Greek warrior helmet" appearance, micrognathia, ears with pits/tags and bilateral incomplete cleft lip apart from incomplete cleft palate were observed as craniofacial findings. With clinical diagnosis of WHS, blood was subjected to karyotyping, which showed a 4p15.2 deletion, consistent with the condition. Here is reported the case of this WHS patient with an uncommon oral cleft extending the phenotypic spectrum of the disorder. The child was referred to a multidisciplinary team to reparative surgery of the cleft lip and palate. The patient is on regular medical follow-up and will be further assisted by dentists, physical therapists, occupational therapists and psychologists. The genotype-phenotype correlation of the affected patient with previous WSH syndrome reports is described.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cleft Palate / surgery*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Pedigree
  • Wolf-Hirschhorn Syndrome / diagnosis*
  • Wolf-Hirschhorn Syndrome / genetics