Predicting the dissolution behavior of pharmaceutical tablets with NIR chemical imaging

Int J Pharm. 2015;486(1-2):242-51. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2015.03.060. Epub 2015 Mar 30.


Near infrared chemical imaging (NIRCI) is a common analytical non-destructive technique for the analysis of pharmaceutical tablets. This powerful process analytical technology provides opportunity to chemically understand the sample, and also to determine spatial distribution and size of ingredients in a tablet. NIRCI has been used to link disintegrant, excipients and active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) to tablet dissolution, as disintegrants play an important role in tablet disintegration, resulting in API dissolution. This article describes a specific methodology to predict API dissolution based on disintegrant chemical information obtained with NIRCI. First, several tablet batches with different disintegrant characteristics were produced. Then, NIRCI was successfully used to provide chemical images of pharmaceutical tablets. A PLS regression model successfully predicted dissolution profiles. These results show that NIRCI is a robust and versatile technique for measuring disintegrant properties in tablet formulations and predicting their effects on dissolution profiles. Thus, NIRCI could routinely complement and eventually replace dissolution testing by monitoring a critical material attribute: disintegrant content.

Keywords: Disintegrant; Dissolution testing; Kollidon CL; Multivariate data analysis; Near infrared chemical imaging; Quality by design.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cellulose / chemistry
  • Drug Liberation
  • Ibuprofen / chemistry
  • Least-Squares Analysis
  • Povidone / chemistry
  • Solubility
  • Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared / methods*
  • Tablets / chemistry*


  • Tablets
  • Cellulose
  • Povidone
  • microcrystalline cellulose
  • Ibuprofen