Broadband extreme ultraviolet probing of transient gratings in vanadium dioxide

Opt Express. 2015 Feb 23;23(4):4340-7. doi: 10.1364/OE.23.004340.


Nonlinear spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet (EUV) and soft x-ray spectral range offers the opportunity for element selective probing of ultrafast dynamics using core-valence transitions (Mukamel et al., Acc. Chem. Res. 42, 553 (2009)). We demonstrate a step on this path showing core-valence sensitivity in transient grating spectroscopy with EUV probing. We study the optically induced insulator-to-metal transition (IMT) of a VO(2) film with EUV diffraction from the optically excited sample. The VO(2) exhibits a change in the 3p-3d resonance of V accompanied by an acoustic response. Due to the broadband probing we are able to separate the two features.