ABM clinical protocol #21: guidelines for breastfeeding and substance use or substance use disorder, revised 2015

Breastfeed Med. 2015 Apr;10(3):135-41. doi: 10.1089/bfm.2015.9992.


A central goal of The Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine is the development of clinical protocols for managing common medical problems that may impact breastfeeding success. These protocols serve only as guidelines for the care of breastfeeding mothers and infants and do not delineate an exclusive course of treatment or serve as standards of medical care. Variations in treatment may be appropriate according to the needs of an individual patient.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Breast Feeding* / adverse effects
  • Breast Feeding* / psychology
  • Choice Behavior
  • Clinical Protocols
  • Contraindications
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Health Promotion
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Maternal Behavior / psychology*
  • Milk, Human / chemistry*
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Pregnancy
  • Social Support
  • Substance-Related Disorders / complications*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / metabolism
  • Substance-Related Disorders / psychology