Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe motor and non-motor (e.g. cognitive, social, and behavioral) challenges faced in daily life by children with unilateral cerebral palsy (UCP).
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, parents completed the Five to Fifteen questionnaire and provided demographic information for 46 children aged 6-15 years (mean 11.01 ± 2.89 SD).
Results: Most children were reported to have problems in both motor and non-motor domains, ranging from 20 to 92% depending on the domain. Perception and learning were the non-motor functions most commonly reported as challenging (63 and 65%, respectively). The total number of problems was significantly higher in age groups above 9 years. The correlation between all domains was high, but was consistently higher with the fine motor sub-domain, which could be used to predict executive function, perception, memory, and learning outcomes (R2=0.502, 0.642, 0.192, 0.192).
Conclusion: Most children with CP have everyday challenges beyond their primary motor deficiencies.
Keywords: Cognition; Five to Fifteen questionnaire; development; motor function; unilateral cerebral palsy.