Strengths and challenges faced by school-aged children with unilateral CP described by the Five To Fifteen parental questionnaire

Dev Neurorehabil. 2016 Dec;19(6):380-388. doi: 10.3109/17518423.2015.1017662. Epub 2015 Apr 2.


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe motor and non-motor (e.g. cognitive, social, and behavioral) challenges faced in daily life by children with unilateral cerebral palsy (UCP).

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, parents completed the Five to Fifteen questionnaire and provided demographic information for 46 children aged 6-15 years (mean 11.01 ± 2.89 SD).

Results: Most children were reported to have problems in both motor and non-motor domains, ranging from 20 to 92% depending on the domain. Perception and learning were the non-motor functions most commonly reported as challenging (63 and 65%, respectively). The total number of problems was significantly higher in age groups above 9 years. The correlation between all domains was high, but was consistently higher with the fine motor sub-domain, which could be used to predict executive function, perception, memory, and learning outcomes (R2=0.502, 0.642, 0.192, 0.192).

Conclusion: Most children with CP have everyday challenges beyond their primary motor deficiencies.

Keywords: Cognition; Five to Fifteen questionnaire; development; motor function; unilateral cerebral palsy.

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living*
  • Adolescent
  • Cerebral Palsy / physiopathology*
  • Cerebral Palsy / psychology
  • Child
  • Cognition / physiology*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Executive Function / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Parents
  • Social Behavior*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires