Taoist Tai Chi® and Memory Intervention for Individuals with Mild Cognitive Impairment

J Aging Phys Act. 2016 Apr;24(2):169-80. doi: 10.1123/japa.2014-0062. Epub 2015 Apr 2.


Objective: It was hypothesized that a combined Taoist Tai Chi (TTC) and a memory intervention program (MIP) would be superior to a MIP alone in improving everyday memory behaviors in individuals with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). A secondary hypothesis was that TTC would improve cognition, self-reported health status, gait, and balance.

Method: A total of 48 individuals were randomly assigned to take part in MIP + TTC or MIP alone. The TTC intervention consisted of twenty 90 min sessions. Outcome measures were given at baseline, and after 10 and 22 weeks.

Results: Both groups significantly increased their memory strategy knowledge and use, ratings of physical health, processing speed, everyday memory, and visual attention. No preferential benefit was found for individuals in the MIP + TTC group on cognition, gait, or balance measures.

Conclusions: Contrary to expectations, TTC exercise did not specifically improve cognition or physical mobility. Explanations for null findings are explored.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Amnesia / psychology
  • Amnesia / therapy*
  • Cognition / physiology
  • Cognitive Dysfunction / psychology
  • Cognitive Dysfunction / therapy*
  • Exercise
  • Exercise Therapy / methods*
  • Female
  • Gait*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Memory / physiology*
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Postural Balance
  • Tai Ji / methods*
  • Treatment Outcome