Self-image profile in children and adolescents with attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder and the quality of life in their parents

Int J Psychiatry Med. 2015;49(1):19-33. doi: 10.2190/PM.49.1.b.

Abstract

Objective: We explored the impact of clinical response to treatment for Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents on the subsequent changes in their self-image profile, the quality of life of their parents, and its effect on socio-demographic variables.

Method: Conners Rating Scales for Parents (CPRS-R) and for Teachers (CTRS-R) completed at the time of entry to the service were repeated to measure clinical response to treatment; the Self-image Profiles for Children (SIP-C) and Adolescents (SIP-A), the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQoL) questionnaire and postcode data were used to evaluate other domains.

Results: Data was collected for 53 boys (84%) and 10 girls (16%) with current mean age 11.5 years. Four-fifths (51/63) received pharmacological treatment and all parents were offered group parent training program. The only subscale in CPRS-R to show significance was the ADHD Index. The CTRS-R demonstrated statistically significant improvement (p < 0.01) in most subscales. On the Self-image Profile, children reported themselves as more Kind (p < 0.012), more Helpful (p < 0.038) and less Bossy (p < 0.047). Comparison of pre- and post-treatment scores on QoL revealed no significant changes; however, correlations of QoL responses against CPRS post-treatment revealed significant negative relationships in a number of instances. Parents living in less deprived areas felt their lives were more meaningful and less likely felt negatively about themselves (p = 0.04, N = 26, rho = 0.405).

Conclusion: Clinical improvement in ADHD symptoms was positively correlated with some improvement in the Self-image Profile of children and adolescents, but its impact on the QoL in parents was limited.

Keywords: ADHD; quality of life; self-image profile; treatment.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / drug therapy
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / psychology*
  • Central Nervous System Stimulants / therapeutic use
  • Child
  • Education, Nonprofessional
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Parents / psychology*
  • Personality Assessment
  • Quality of Life / psychology*
  • Scotland
  • Self Concept*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires

Substances

  • Central Nervous System Stimulants