Background: We previously reported peptide candidates of disease biomarkers for pregnancy-induced hypertension syndrome using a novel peptidomic analytical method, BLOTCHIP®-MS. The aim of this study was to establish a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay system for quantitation of such peptides and to validate their usefulness as disease biomarkers of pregnancy-induced hypertension syndrome including gestational hypertension/pre-eclampsia.
Methods: We focused on three peptide fragments, kininogen-1439-456 (PDA039), kininogen-1438-456 (PDA044) and cysteinyl α2-HS-glycoprotein341-367 (PDA071). Using polyclonal antibodies specific for each peptide, suitable conditions for the sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay system were investigated. The quantitative enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay values were confirmed by quantitative matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight MS analyses. Using the established enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay systems, serum samples from gestational hypertension/pre-eclampsia patients and paired serum samples from healthy pregnant females were analysed.
Results: The optimum sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay conditions for PDA039/044 quantitation were developed. Quantitation of PDA071 by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay failed, presumably due to issues with polyclonal antibody specificity for the native peptide. Bland-Altman plots showed a satisfactory correlation between the serum PDA039/044 concentration by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and that by quantitative MS analysis. Although the PDA044 concentration showed no significant change during pregnancy, including gestational hypertension/pre-eclampsia patients, the serum PDA039 concentration was significantly increased (P < 0.0001) in the patients.
Conclusions: The simple quantitation technology for PDA039 by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was established for the first time. PDA039 confirmed its clinical utility as a disease biomarker for gestational hypertension/pre-eclampsia by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay system using clinical samples. The information provided from the present study would be a new valuable addition in the field of gestational hypertension/pre-eclampsia research.
Keywords: Sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays; hypertensive disorders of pregnancy; peptidomics; serum biomarkers.
© The Author(s) 2015.