Background: Tumor volumetry with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is very common; however, the accuracy of such measures remains unclear, especially after treatment.
Purpose: To determine the accuracy of preoperative volume measurements of uterine cervical carcinomas resected with and without neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) on T2-weighted (T2W) and diffusion-weighted (DWI) MRI.
Material and methods: Twenty-nine consecutive patients with surgically confirmed uterine cervical carcinoma were included in this study. MRI scans were performed before preoperative treatment in 17 patients and after two courses of NAC in 12 patients. In all patients, T2W images and DWI were obtained to measure the tumor diameters. The maximum diameter of the surgical specimens was macroscopically measured. The correlation coefficients between the measured tumor size using T2W imaging and DWI and the size measured on the surgical specimens were calculated for all specimens.
Results: The correlation coefficient of the three-dimensional (3D) tumor volume measurement using T2W imaging and DWI was 0.97 in the primary surgery group and was 0.96 in the NAC group. The 3D tumor volume measurement using MRI and the measurement of the actual surgical specimen was 0.55 for T2WI and 0.48 for DWI in the primary surgery group and 0.88 for T2WI and 0.95 for DWI in the NAC group.
Conclusion: T2WI and DWI can provide accurate 3D tumor volume measurements of uterine cervical carcinomas in patients with and without preoperative chemotherapy, suggesting that tumor volumetry using 3 T MRI after uterus-preserving treatment is feasible.
Keywords: Genital/reproductive; adults; magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); pathology; primary neoplasms; uterus.
© The Foundation Acta Radiologica 2015.