Prevention and rehabilitation of osteoporosis program: exercise and osteoporosis

Int J Rehabil Res. 1989;12(1):49-56. doi: 10.1097/00004356-198903000-00005.


Osteoporosis is a common crippling bone disease affecting post-menopausal and elderly women. It results in fractures, spinal deformity and chronic pain leading to decreased mobility and functional disability. A preventive program in Toronto, described in this article, aims to prevent bone loss and maximise the functional capacity of osteoporotic patients through a program with educational, social and exercise components. Evaluation of the program, also reported here, showed that 80 per cent of patients complied with the requirements of the exercise program and that those who exercised reported improvement in general well being, stamina, mobility and pain tolerance. The exercise group also showed a significant improvement in VO 2 max (p less than 0.001) and bone mass (p less than 0.02) after one year of exercise. None of the patients developed fracture as a direct result of the exercise. The exercise prescribed for osteoporosis is safe and beneficial. The program is a social success.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Exercise*
  • Female
  • Fractures, Bone / etiology
  • Fractures, Bone / prevention & control
  • Health Education*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal / complications
  • Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal / prevention & control*
  • Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal / rehabilitation