Total petroleum hydrocarbons in sediments from the coastline and mangroves of the northern Persian Gulf

Mar Pollut Bull. 2015 Jun 15;95(1):407-11. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.03.037. Epub 2015 Apr 2.


To provide baseline information for the marine ecosystem of Hormozgan province, the distribution of petroleum hydrocarbons was evaluated in 52 stations involved in the mangrove and coastline ecosystem. Coastline sampling sites included areas facing harbor, river, domestic and industrial discharge. Sediment samples were analyzed based on ultraviolet fluorescence spectroscopy. Petroleum hydrocarbons showed narrow variations ranging from non-detectable (ND) to 1.71 and from 0.2 to 0.63μg/g dry weight for coastline and mangrove sediments, respectively. The detected concentrations for total petroleum hydrocarbons were lower than guideline values for ecological risk. Furthermore, the minimum environmental risk was confirmed by background levels for the Persian Gulf, the Sea of Oman, and detected values for reference areas. The results were regarded as background data in the studied area, and, considering the rapid expansion of activities related to the petroleum industry in Hormozgan province, the continuous monitoring of pollutants is recommended.

Keywords: Hormozgan Province; Persian Gulf and Oman Sea; Sediment; Total petroleum hydrocarbons.

MeSH terms

  • Ecosystem
  • Environmental Monitoring / methods
  • Geologic Sediments / analysis*
  • Indian Ocean
  • Oman
  • Petroleum / analysis*
  • Rivers
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical / analysis*


  • Petroleum
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical