Radiographic findings include supraacetabular bone erosions, subchondral acetabular cysts, soft tissue masses with or without radiolucent inclusions representing nitrogen gas, joint space narrowing, and abnormal hip configuration. Associated tears of the acetabular labrum were confirmed by arthrography in two patients. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging afforded improved delineation of soft tissue ganglia and their relationship to the acetabular bone, labrum, and hip joint. We report our experience with seven patients in whom various imaging examinations clearly documented the presence of soft tissue cystic lesions adjacent to the acetabulum; in six of the seven patients, significant clinical manifestations were evident in the affected hip. Such cysts, whether designated synovial or ganglionic in type, appear to be a frequently overlooked yet important cause of hip symptomatology.