Pseudoepidemic of Rhodotorula rubra in patients undergoing fiberoptic bronchoscopy

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1989 Nov;10(11):511-4. doi: 10.1086/645937.


Between March and June 1988, Rhodotorula rubra was isolated from the bronchial washings of 30 of 56 (54%) patients undergoing bronchoscopy at a North Carolina community hospital. Pulmonary disease consistent with invasive fungal pneumonia was not apparent for any patient. Repeat sputum cultures were performed on 11 patients, none of whom were positive for R rubra. Investigation revealed fungal contamination of two brushes used to clean the bronchoscope channels and one positive sample of the tub water used to test the integrity of the bronchoscope prior to cleaning and disinfection. Control measures instituted were high-level disinfection of all equipment used to clean the bronchoscopes, including the brushes, complete air drying of the bronchoscopes before storing and storage of equipment in closed cabinets. An additional case one month after instituting these measures prompted the addition of a final 70% ethyl alcohol rinse of the bronchoscopes immediately prior to storage. Over a six-month period no additional cases have been identified. Despite published disinfection guidelines, pseudoepidemics and infections from contaminated equipment continue to appear. This pseudoepidemic investigation revealed a site for contaminating bronchoscopes that has not been previously reported, the inner cannula cleaning brushes. This emphasizes the need for stringent adherence to recommended cleaning and disinfection guidelines.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid / microbiology*
  • Bronchoscopes*
  • Bronchoscopy / methods
  • Diagnostic Errors
  • Disease Outbreaks*
  • Disinfection
  • Environmental Exposure
  • Equipment Contamination*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mitosporic Fungi / isolation & purification*
  • Mycoses / diagnosis
  • Mycoses / epidemiology*
  • Mycoses / etiology
  • Rhodotorula / isolation & purification*
  • Sputum / microbiology