Recently, a novel autosomal recessive developmental delay-macrocephaly syndrome was described caused by homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in the KPTN gene. All reported patients belonged to one large Amish kindred. We report on the second case of KPTN-related syndrome in two Estonian adult sibs. The brother and sister both have macrocephaly and moderate intellectual disability, and their verbal abilities are more affected than motor development. No notable minor anomalies are present. Behavioral problems and a few episodes of seizures were reported in the brother. Whole exome sequencing carried out from the brother's DNA sample identified homozygous one-nucleotide frameshift duplication c.665dupA (p.Q222fs) in the KPTN gene. Homozygosity of both affected sibs and heterozygosity of parents were confirmed by Sanger sequencing. Thus, we confirm the pathogenicity of KPTN mutations and further delineate the novel developmental delay-macrocephaly syndrome. We also support the hypothesis that KPTN-related syndrome is not restricted to the Amish population.
Keywords: KPTN protein; homozygote; intellectual disability; megalencephaly; whole exome sequencing.
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