Quality of life activities associated with adherence to insulin infusion pump therapy in the treatment of insulin dependent diabetes mellitus

J Clin Epidemiol. 1989;42(12):1129-36. doi: 10.1016/0895-4356(89)90110-8.

Abstract

The impact of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) pump therapy on patients' activities of daily living and the prevalence of acute complications were examined in order to characterize patients' experience while on CSII, and to ascertain whether any of these factors could be associated with continued use of CSII. Fifty-one of 55 patients (93%) identified as initiating CSII in our medical center patient population completed retrospective surveys; 37 individuals (73%) were still using pumps and 14 individuals (27%) had discontinued pump use. CSII appeared to affect the quality of daily activities only modestly, neither improving nor interfering with many activities to any great degree. Activities associated with greatest improvements were eating, working, traveling, sleeping, and exercising. Results of logit analyses adjusting for duration of pump therapy indicated that the prevalence of six different acute complications (skin infections at the needle site, mild insulin reactions, more severe insulin reactions requiring assistance, hypoglycemic coma, asymptomatic hypoglycemia, and ketoacidosis) was not statistically associated with patients' decisions to continue or to stop CSII. In contrast, significant differences (p less than 0.05) between the groups continuing and discontinuing CSII were found in 11 of 18 activities of daily living. In general, patients continuing CSII, in contrast to those discontinuing CSII, found that many of their activities were improved significantly during pump therapy. There were few differences between groups in the degree to which CSII was perceived to interfere with daily activities. However, those continuing CSII found it significantly less necessary to take the pump off while doing some activities than did those discontinuing CSII.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Attitude to Health
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / drug therapy*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / psychology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Insulin Infusion Systems / adverse effects
  • Insulin Infusion Systems / psychology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care
  • Patient Compliance
  • Quality of Life*
  • Retrospective Studies