Psychosocial working conditions and sickness absence in a general population: a cohort study of 21,834 workers in Norway (The HUNT Study)

J Occup Environ Med. 2015 Apr;57(4):386-92. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000362.

Abstract

Objective: To examine the associations between psychosocial working conditions and sickness absence.

Methods: Data for 21,834 employed adults from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT) were linked to the sickness benefit register and sickness absence during 1 year after survey participation was analyzed with logistic regression.

Results: A one unit change on a 0 to 3 self-reported job demand scale was associated with a fully adjusted 24% and 25% increased odds of sickness absence in men and women, respectively. A one unit change on a 0 to 3 scale for self-reported support at work was associated with a fully adjusted 13% and 17% reduced odds of sickness absence in men and women, respectively.

Conclusions: The results of this study indicate that demands, and to some extent support, at work might influence sickness absence-also when adjusting for a detailed categorization of occupations.

MeSH terms

  • Absenteeism*
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Norway
  • Occupational Diseases / etiology*
  • Occupational Diseases / psychology
  • Occupational Health*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Self Report
  • Sick Leave
  • Social Environment*
  • Social Support
  • Stress, Psychological*
  • Workplace / psychology