IPX066 (extended-release carbidopa-levodopa [ER CD-LD]) is an oral extended-release capsule formulation of carbidopa and levodopa. The single-dose pharmacokinetics of ER CD-LD (as 2 capsules; total dose, 97.5 mg-390 mg CD-LD) versus immediate-release (IR) CD-LD (25 mg-100 mg), sustained-release (CR) CD-LD (25 mg-100 mg), and CD-LD-entacapone (25 mg-100 mg-200 mg) was evaluated in healthy subjects. Following IR dosing, LD reached peak concentrations (Cmax ) at 1 hour; LD concentrations then decreased rapidly and were less than 10% of peak by 5 hours. With CR CD-LD and CD-LD-entacapone, LD Cmax occurred at 1.5 hours, and concentrations were less than 10% of peak by 6.3 and 7.5 hours, respectively. The initial increase in LD concentration was similar between ER CD-LD and IR CD-LD and faster than for CR CD-LD and CD-LD-entacapone. LD concentrations from ER CD---LD were sustained for approximately 5 hours and did not decrease to 10% of peak until 10.1 hours. Dose-normalized LD Cmax values for ER CD-LD were significantly lower (P< .05) than for the other CD-LD products. Bioavailability of LD from ER CD-LD was 83.5%, 78.3%, and 58.8% relative to IR CD-LD, CR CD-LD, and CD-LD-entacapone, respectively.
Keywords: IPX066; Parkinson's disease; extended release; levodopa; pharmacokinetics.
© 2015 The Authors. The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of American College of Clinical Pharmacology.