Resting gated pool ejection fraction: a poor predictor of perioperative myocardial infarction in patients undergoing vascular surgery for infrainguinal bypass grafting

J Vasc Surg. 1989 Dec;10(6):656-61. doi: 10.1067/mva.1989.16173.

Abstract

Ventricular ejection fraction is widely regarded as a prognostic indicator of perioperative myocardial infarction. To evaluate this premise the prevalence of perioperative myocardial infarction or cardiac death was analyzed in relation to preoperative resting gated pool ejection fraction in 85 patients undergoing vascular surgery for infrainguinal bypass grafting. Patients were divided into three groups on the basis of ejection fraction. Group I consisted of 50 patients with ejection fractions of 56% to 92%. Nine (18%) perioperative myocardial infarctions occurred in group I, and there were no cardiac deaths. Group II consisted of 20 patients with ejection fractions of 37% to 55%. Three (15%) myocardial infarctions occurred in this group, and there were no cardiac deaths. Group III included 15 patients with ejection fractions of 20% to 35%. Three (20%) cardiac events occurred in group III including one nonfatal myocardial infarction and two (13%) cardiac deaths. Statistical analysis showed no significant difference in prevalence of cardiac events between any group. These results suggest that resting ejection fraction is a poor predictor of perioperative myocardial infarction in patients undergoing vascular surgery. Patients with normal ejection fractions, but underlying coronary artery disease, are still at significant risk for a perioperative cardiac event.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Arterial Occlusive Diseases / surgery
  • Female
  • Heart Diseases / mortality
  • Humans
  • Intraoperative Complications / diagnosis*
  • Intraoperative Complications / mortality
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction / diagnosis*
  • Postoperative Complications / diagnosis
  • Stroke Volume*