The risk of severe disease outcomes and complications of infectious diseases remains markedly increased in children and adolescents with chronic conditions. Specialized pediatric healthcare aims to improve quality of life in this high-risk group. One of the most important measures to achieve this goal is to improve immunization rates in this vulnerable population. This article aims to provide insight into models for the integration of infectious disease prevention into specialized healthcare for children with chronic conditions, by the example of the Department of Vaccines and Disease Prevention in Children with Chronic Conditions in Moscow, Russian Federation. The article highlights the importance of vaccine safety and effectiveness research in children with chronic conditions. Useful strategies for the optimization of vaccination rates in this population are presented, along with suggestions for the development of individual immunization schedules for different disease conditions.