Ordered and reversible hydrogenation of silicene

Phys Rev Lett. 2015 Mar 27;114(12):126101. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.114.126101. Epub 2015 Mar 23.

Abstract

The hydrogenation of monatomic silicene sheet on Ag(111) was studied by scanning tunneling microscopy and density functional theory calculations. It was observed that hydrogenation of silicene at room temperature results in a perfectly ordered γ-(3×3) superstructure. A theoretical model, which involves seven H atoms and rearranged buckling of Si atoms, was proposed and agrees with experiments very well. Moreover, by annealing to a moderate temperature, about 450 K, a dehydrogenation process occurs and the clean silicene surface can be fully recovered. Such uniformly ordered and reversible hydrogenation may be useful for tuning the properties of silicene as well as for controllable hydrogen storage.