Genomic analysis of xCT-mediated regulatory network: Identification of novel targets against AIDS-associated lymphoma

Oncotarget. 2015 May 20;6(14):12710-22. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.3710.


Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is the etiological agent of primary effusion lymphoma (PEL), a rapidly progressing malignancy mostly arising in HIV-infected patients. Even under conventional chemotherapy, PEL continues to portend nearly 100% mortality within several months, which urgently requires novel therapeutic strategies. We have previously demonstrated that targeting xCT, an amino acid transporter for cystine/glutamate exchange, induces significant PEL cell apoptosis through regulation of multiple host and viral factors. More importantly, one of xCT selective inhibitors, Sulfasalazine (SASP), effectively prevents PEL tumor progression in an immune-deficient xenograft model. In the current study, we use Illumina microarray to explore the profile of genes altered by SASP treatment within 3 KSHV(+) PEL cell-lines, and discover that many genes involved in oxidative stress/antioxidant defense system, apoptosis/anti-apoptosis/cell death, and cellular response to unfolded proteins/topologically incorrect proteins are potentially regulated by xCT. We further validate 2 downstream candidates, OSGIN1 (oxidative stress-induced growth inhibitor 1) and XRCC5 (X-ray repair cross-complementing protein 5), and evaluate their functional relationship with PEL cell survival/proliferation and chemoresistance, respectively. Together, our data indicate that targeting these novel xCT-regulated downstream genes may represent a promising new therapeutic strategy against PEL and/or other AIDS-related lymphoma.

Keywords: KSHV; herpesvirus; lymphoma; microarray; xCT.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Transport System y+ / genetics*
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / genetics*
  • Herpesvirus 8, Human
  • Humans
  • Immunoblotting
  • Lymphoma, Primary Effusion / genetics*
  • Lymphoma, Primary Effusion / virology
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction


  • Amino Acid Transport System y+
  • SLC7A11 protein, human