Differences in associations between active transportation and built environmental exposures when expressed using different components of individual activity spaces

Health Place. 2015 May;33:195-202. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2015.03.003. Epub 2015 Apr 6.


This study assessed relationships between built environmental exposures measured within components of individual activity spaces (i.e., travel origins, destinations and paths in-between), and use of active transportation in a metropolitan setting. Individuals (n=37,165) were categorised as using active or sedentary transportation based on travel survey data. Generalised Estimating Equations analysis was used to test relationships with active transportation. Strength and significance of relationships between exposures and active transportation varied for different components of the activity space. Associations were strongest when including travel paths in expression of the built environment. Land use mix and greenness were negatively related to active transportation.

Keywords: Activity space; Bicycling; Built environment; Geographic information systems; Walking.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bicycling
  • Environment Design / statistics & numerical data*
  • Exercise
  • Female
  • Geographic Information Systems
  • Health Behavior
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Quebec
  • Residence Characteristics / statistics & numerical data*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Transportation / statistics & numerical data*
  • Walking