The copepod Calanus glacialis plays a key role in the Arctic pelagic ecosystem. Despite its ecological importance and ongoing climate changes, limited knowledge at the genomic level has hindered the understanding of the molecular processes underlying environmental stress responses and ecological adaptation. Transcriptome data was generated from an experiment with C. glacialis copepodite (CV) subjected to five different temperatures. We obtained a total of 512,352 high-quality 454 pyrosequencing reads, which were assembled into 55,562 contigs distributed in 128 KEGG pathways. Functional analysis revealed numerous genes related to diverse biological functions and processes, including members of all major conserved signaling pathways. Comparative analysis of acclimated individuals to experimental temperatures has provided information about gene variations observed in several pathways (e.g. genes involved in energy, lipid and amino acid metabolism were shown to be down-regulated with increasing temperatures). These mRNA sequence resources will facilitate further studies on genomics and physiology-driven molecular processes in C. glacialis and related species.
Keywords: 454 pyrosequencing; Arctic zooplankton; Calanus glacialis; Temperature; Transcriptome.
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